What is Hemp Oil ? Everything you need to know.

 

Both CBD and hemp oil have been something of a hot topic lately, but what is hemp oil exactly? And what does hemp oil do? There has been an abundance of information and claims that hemp can reduce stress, anxiety, improve sleep, support seizures. (even some substantial claims like the ability to cure cancer) But how much of this is true?

The truth is, there is just too little of research to really know what or how hemp and CBD are so beneficial. What we do know is that it has helped so many people with common and major ailments alike. We’re here to help you determine if hemp / CBD is right for you, and how to go about getting yours hands on some.

This article aims to answer any questions you have about hemp, and whether or not to believe the hype that is CBD.

What is Hemp Oil?

So you’ve come this far, kudos. You’re trying to get a better grasp on what hemp oil is and how it might benefit you or your loved ones. First we will talk about what hemp oil is before we get into the nitty gritty of how it works and what it’s used for.

Hemp and its use has been recorded throughout history. Some believe through the discover of material made from hemp over 10,000 years ago that it was the first crop every cultivated. It was beneficial for creating resources like rope, clothing, paper, housing material and so much more.

Hemp is a variety of Cannabis sativa plant. It is mostly closely related to another plant that we all have come to know very well, marijuana. Marijuana is the plant we mostly commonly associate with THC (most commonly known for stimulating a “high”).

So two of the most frequently asked questions we get are:

1. Can Hemp Get Me High? (Will I Fail a Drugtest?)

No. Hemp cannot get you high. “Hemp” has generally been used to describe non-intoxicating Cannabis that is harvested for the industrial use of it derived products. Varieties of cannabis that contain 0.3% or less THC content are considered hemp.

The topic of failing a drug test on the other hand, is a little trickier. The short answer is, no, or highly unlikely. There are a number of things that we need to factor in when trying to determine if this will show up on a drug test:

  1. source of hemp
  2. sophistication of the drug test taken
  3. persons interaction with THC compounds
  4. how much hemp you are ingesting

When sourcing your hemp product you want to make sure that the company you are purchasing from is accredited. Most importantly they should offer third party testing readily available on each of their products. If the product contains a larger amount than 0.3% THC and you are taking this product on a monthly basis for an extended period, you may find yourself testing positive for THC on a drug test.

2. How to Protect Yourself When Purchasing

Quality Sourcing:

find a company that offers third party and batch testing. They will usually advertise this on their page or you can find this information by searching reviews on the company

Stick with Broad Spectrum:

Full spectrum CBD usually carries all the compounds of the hemp plant including the 0.3% THC. This is just simply the raw extraction of CBD from the hemp plant. When purchasing a broad spectrum, you get all the benefits of a full spectrum CBD, with 0% THC. We prefer broad spectrum as it is just as beneficial as a full spectrum, without that 0.3% THC thrown in there.

Have Lab Work Done:

Most reputable companies will have their own lab work done, and be pretty adamant about letting you know that. However, if you would like a second opinion here are a ton of labs that offer testing on products these days. If you are absolutely gung-ho on taking CBD and want to ensure you are getting exactly what is being advertised, have a lab run an analysis. This will give you all the information you need to know on the CBD and THC content, along with any harmful contaminants or metals that might lie within the product as well.

What is CBD? And how does it differ from Hemp?

Okay, so we’ve covered a few crucial pieces of information up until now. We’ve mentioned CBD quite a few times throughout this article and haven’t really gotten the chance to go over what CBD is.

CBD (Cannabidiol) is one of the most commonly known cannabinoids. (the chemical compounds found ion cannabis plants) There are an estimated 100+ cannabinoids in existence. THC is also another cannabinoid while were on the subject. Both CBD and THC are the most popular to date. Unlike THC, CBD is non-intoxicating, meaning it will not get you high. The World Health Organization recognizes CBD as a well tolerated substance in humans and does not have the potential to be an addictive substance. This means we can categorize CBD as incredibly safe! There is still an abundance of research being performed on CBD and its capabilities of ‘treating” or “reducing symptoms” but we will touch more on this later in the article.

How is CBD | Hemp Oil Made?

Given its up and coming popularity, the process of cultivating and extracting CBD is ever changing and evolving. New technology allows for safer and more efficient processing as we learn more about cannabinoids and how they work. There are many different types of hemp and many different ways to extract them.

Different Types of Hemp Compounds

Hemp Oil:

is usually made from cold pressing “hemp seeds” to produce what we know as “hempseed oil”. This oil is incredibly healthy as it contains all the nutrients and minerals found within hempseed, plus it contains only health, unsaturated fats. Hempseed oil is most commonly used for cooking, topicals, additives to protein shakes etc.

CBD (Cannabidiol):

is extracted directly from the hemp oil itself. This is why you will typically see a much larger quantity of raw hemp oil for much cheaper than its CBD counterpart. There are many ways to extract CBD from the hemp plant itself. The most common are: solvent, olive oil, and CO2.

Extraction Methods

Solvent:

Solvent extraction involves the use of ethanol, butane, propane, isopropyl, or alcohol to extract the CBD. It is one of the least expensive options and is also fast and easy to do. It is also one of the most dangerous due to the highly flammable contents of the liquids.

This method dissolves the plant waxes which themselves hold quite a few nutrients. It extracts not only the cannabinoids but also the chlorophyll — which gives some products a bitter taste.

To begin the liquid solvent process, flowers and plant trimmings are put into a container. Then the solvent is soaked or run through the material, stripping it of the cannabinoids. Then the evaporation process leaves the concentrated cannabinoids in an oil form.

Besides being an extremely dangerous process, the downside is that the solvent residue can be toxic if they are not completely eliminated during the evaporation step. Some studies have found traces of naphtha hydrocarbons or petroleum residue in CBD products that have been extracted using solvents.

Olive Oil:

The olive oil extraction process is the oldest method of extracting CBD. Many CBD lovers attest to it being the best. It is the safest method, doesn’t cost a lot, and it’s simple to do.

The process begins with the raw plant materials being decarboxylated (heated) to the desired temperature for a specific amount of time so that the chemicals in the plant are activated. Olive oil and the plant material are combined and heated again. This is when the cannabinoids are extracted. The olive oil isn’t evaporated, so the resulting extract isn’t as concentrated as the other methods. The dosage the consumer takes will have to compensate for this as well.

The issue with olive oil extraction arises with its highly perishable nature. It must be kept in a cool, dark area and therefore doesn’t work well for the needs of many CBD producers and consumers.

CO2 Extraction:

As CBD companies have begun to flourish internationally, the CO2 method of extracting CBD has become the most advanced and advised way of completing the process. It is quite an investment as it is the most expensive and complex of the methods, but if done successfully, it makes a potent, safe and chlorophyll-free extraction. (Yummy!)

The only downfall to this CO2 extraction process is that it’s a big investment for CBD producers and demands that they dig deep into their pockets. Many premium CBD producers (including Tessera Naturals) are willing to use this method because it brings a much safer and higher quality product to their consumers. It also does not remove the beneficial contents of the plan as much as other methods do. Lastly, the final product has a much lower chance of having contaminants.

Typically, the CO2 extraction process is done by using a “closed-loop extractor.” The machine contains three chambers. The first one holds pressurized, solid CO2 or dry ice; the second chamber has dried help plant material in it; the final chamber separates the resulting product.

From the first chamber, CO2 is pumped into the second chamber, which takes on the form of supercritical CO2 — between a gas and liquid state. The supercritical CO2 then runs through the materials and extracts the cannabinoids. It’s then pumped into the final chamber where the CO2 rises to the top. This leaves the extract at the bottom and isolated from the CO2.

How to take CBD oil? (Most Common Forms)

There are a number of ways to take CBD oil. The most common form is sublingual (under the tongue) and capsulated (pill form). Sublingual products will usually come in a liquid form with a dropper, where you would place a few drops underneath your tongue. The area underneath the tongue has tiny blood capillaries which can improve absorption by bypassing the digestive system. The difficulty lies with liquid not being as convenient and having to measure out every dose you take.

The next most common form is capsule. Capsules have the benefit of being a little more convenient and easier to dose because you don’t have to tinker with the liquid form. The issue with capsules is they do not bypass the digestive system like their liquid counterparts.

Until Now…….

Water Soluble CBD vs. Oil Fat Soluble CBD

Arguably one of the most profound breakthroughs in the hemp industry (besides the cultivation of CBD itself) is Water Soluble CBD.

Oil Soluble CBD – undergoes a process known as “first pass metabolism” which is a physiological process where the concentration of a compound is greatly reduced before it reaches systemic circulation. This concentration reduction means a decrease in bioavailability, and is a relatively common problem that affects a huge range of compounds like cannabinoids (CBD) curcumin (from turmeric), morphine and many more.

Enter Water Soluble CBD: a highly absorbent, highly bio-available, superior product to its oil soluble counterpart.

One of the primary ways to overcome the first-pass effect is to convert the oil-soluble CBD into a water soluble form. This conversion process completely overcomes the first-pass effect, and allows CBD oil to be consumed orally without sacrificing bioavailability.

Water Soluble Technology

What are the benefits of CBD?

Now that we’ve gone over the basic information covering CBD, let’s take a look into some of the most common benefits associated with CBD.

CBD & Pain

One of the most popular uses of CBD oil is for pain relief and pain management. Recently, studies have uncovered that CBD may help reduce pain by interacting with the human body’s endocannabinoid system.

The endocannabinoid system regulates many essential biological functions, including pain. Our nervous system contains cannabinoid receptors that receive endocannabinoid’s. CBD can impact the interaction between endocannabinoid’s and these receptors, thereby potentially providing some pain relief through this process.

CBD Oil & Anxiety 

Anxiety is a common condition that can wreak havoc on a person’s life. There are a plethora of pharmaceutical drugs used to treat anxiety, but they can have harmful side effects that include headaches, drowsiness and sexual dysfunction.

Several studies have taken place, and CBD oil has shown a lot of potential in potentially helping with anxiety due to the way in which CBD interacts with the part of our brain that regulates mood and social behavior. A study on public speaking and anxiety showed that people who received CBD before public speaking were less anxious than their counterparts who only received a placebo.

CBD Oil & Depression

There are many forms of stress and many ways to deal with it, but if you let it pile up, you can end up feeling down and depressed.

What we know about CBD oil for depression is that there are some benefits over antidepressant medications, and this is because of the way in which CBD works with receptors in our central and peripheral nervous systems, known as CB1 and CB2. Similar to using CBD oil for anxiety, CBD oil could potentially help with depression by altering serotonin signals.

It should be noted that no matter what the perceived benefits of CBD oil are, you should never stop taking prescribed medication without talking to your doctor first.

CBD Oil May Help for Sleep & CBD Oil for Insomnia

Sleep is essential to our well-being, yet many of us take it for granted and deprive ourselves far too often.

There are a variety of things that can affect our sleep, including stress, sleep apnea, alcohol, caffeine and insomnia. To sleep better, many of us turn to pharmaceuticals or over-the-counter drugs, but these can then cause their own problems, such as addiction or bowel irritability.

A 2019 study in the Permanente Journal found that 67% of participants reported improved sleep after taking 25 mg of CBD per day. In the same study, CBD has also been found to improve the symptoms of REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD).

On the flip side, a 2017 study saw that low doses of CBD through the day has the potential to help with excessive daytime drowsiness, meaning that CBD may also act as an energy booster.

CBD Oil May Help for Seizures

A major reason for the explosion of CBD’s popularity can be traced back to a CNN documentary titled Weed. The series revolves around a story about a little girl suffering from a rare form of epilepsy called Dravet syndrome.

The girl found miraculous improvements after taking a cannabis oil high in CBD. The treatment of epilepsy with CBD has garnered the most positive results.

On June 25, 2018, “the first drug comprised of an active ingredient derived from marijuana (AKA CBD) to treat rare, severe forms of epilepsy” was approved by the FDA. Across the pond in the UK, the government changed the law to allow specialist doctors to prescribe medicinal cannabis products, such as CBD oil, to help manage epilepsy and seizures.

Additional Benefits

CBD studies are not limited to pain, anxiety, depression, sleep and seizures. Academics and doctors around the world are also currently researching the impact of CBD in:

  • May Improve Heart Health—research has found that CBD had potential for reducing and regulating blood pressure.
  • Might Help Treating Acne—a study found that CBD may be useful in fighting acne.
  • May Help With Psychotic Symptoms—specifically, those caused by mental disorders.
  • Possible Anti-Tumor Effects—animal studies have shown CBD may have potential anti-tumor benefits.

It should be made clear right now, there is no evidence that CBD oil benefits those with cancer. People around the world are using CBD oil for its potential benefits; however, research is still in its infancy, and you should not replace any medication you are on. It’s also recommended to speak with your doctor before you begin using CBD oil to see how it can affect you.

Now that we’ve discussed some of the benefits, let’s move on to the legality of CBD oil and how this effects you.

Is CBD Oil Legal?

Due to its association with marijuana, people get confused about the legality of CBD oil. In 2018, the Agricultural Improvement Act (the Farm Bill) was passed, and this removed hemp from the Controlled Substances Act.

This means that hemp-derived CBD is legal in the U.S.—but under specific certain conditions.

For CBD oil to be legal, CBD should be derived from hemp and contain no more than 0.3% THC. CBD that comes from the marijuana plants remains illegal under the Controlled Substances Act.

Where to Buy Hemp CBD Oil?

So, we’ve covered quite a bit of information on the hemp plant and just a few of its many incredible benefits. By now you’re feeling pretty confident this is something you want to move forward with, the next logical step is: How and where to purchase. 

There is a plethora of quality companies online that make purchasing fairly simple. Places like Amazon or most health food stores are not permitted to carry CBD products. What this means is any “Hemp” labeled product will usually just contain Hemp/Hemp Seed Oil without the CBD content.

If you would like to learn more about what makes a quality product or which product might be the best fit for you, visit our products page or contact us and we would be happy to assist you anyway that we can.